Baby development at 1-4 weeks

During the 90 hours after fertilisation, cells divide and subdivide into a tiny mass.

How big is my baby at 1-4 weeks pregnant?

At this stage, there’s not much to see. Your newly-fertilised egg is called a zygote. 90 hours after fertilisation, cells divide and subdivide into a tiny mass that will travel from your fallopian tubes to your uterus. After four weeks, your baby will be the size of a poppy seed and will be protected by an amniotic sac. This is filled with cushioning fluid, and attached to a tiny yolk sac that provides your baby with nourishment. The outer layer will develop into the placenta, providing your baby with oxygen and nutrients.

Around 6-10 days after ovulation you may notice some light spotting as the bundle of cells, now known as a blastocyst, attaches to the wall of your womb.

The first signs of pregnancy

Body changes in early pregnancy

It’s unlikely you’ll look pregnant: most first-time mums don’t start showing until at least week 12. It’s unlikely you’ll feel pregnant, too, but that will change when the ‘pregnancy hormone’ - human chorionic gonadotrophin - becomes active. That said, you’re starting to grow a brand new organ - the placenta.

By week 4 of pregnancy, your baby will get their nourishment from a tiny yolk sac, but this will be replaced by the placenta. This brand new organ will supply your baby with oxygen and nutrients needed to grow and develop. It also passes antibodies to your baby, for resistance to infection throughout pregnancy.

Another function of the placenta is hormone production. These hormones help your baby grow and develop while supporting your own physical changes. Progesterone and relaxin, for example, both have a relaxant effect on your muscles, allowing your uterus to adapt and make room for your growing baby.

Couple discovering pregnancy

Early Symptoms of Pregnancy at 1-4 Weeks

Early pregnancy symptoms can be subtle, and are sometimes missed. That said, it’s possible you may experience some of the following:

  • A missed period
  • A need to wee more frequently
  • A metallic taste in your mouth
  • Changing tastes in food 
  • Morning sickness
  • A milky white discharge from your vagina (perfectly normal)

Any more questions?

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